About KORDA

KORDA is a database on public funding for the film and audiovisual sector in Europe. It is compiled and managed by the European Audiovisual Observatory. To find out more about the Observatory and the information services for the audiovisual sector that the Observatory provides, consult our website. For enquiries in relation to the database, see the Contact page.

Read more about the Observatory and the information services for the audiovisual sector that the Observatory provides.

What you can find in this page:


Current database coverage

Last update: May 2012

KORDA aims to cover almost all of the active public funding bodies in the European countries that are members of the European Audiovisual Observatory (see Geographical coverage for further information on this).

Funds and information on their support programmes are added regularly, with over 110 different fund profiles publicly available in early 2012.

Using the database

Please note that the database is intended as a guide to identifying public sources of funding for film and audiovisual works in Europe.

If you are considering making a funding application to a specific fund you should always consult the fund’s own website to check eligibility, application deadlines, requirements and contact details and to check the compatibility of different kinds of funding.

Though the European Audiovisual Observatory makes every effort to ensure the accuracy of the information provided in KORDA, the Observatory will accept no responsibility or liability with regard to the contents of the database, nor for any damages or losses arising out of use of the database. See full disclaimer here.

The database itself is in English but refers systematically to the original language names of organisations and their support programmes. A trilingual glossary (English, French and German) for the principal terms used in the database can be found in the ‘Glossary’ tab. This information about KORDA can also be consulted in French and German by clicking on the links at the top of the page.

What KORDA includes….and what it does not …

KORDA provides information on public funding for the film and audiovisual sector in Europe by compiling information on the bodies making such funding available. It does not cover public funding flows to the television industry through licence fees or other mechanisms. It does not cover private sources of finance such as private-sector banks, investment funds and sponsorship.

How the information in KORDA is structured

The information in KORDA is organised around three different elements.

A. Organisations
B. Support Programmes
C. Activities

A. Organisations

KORDA currently includes two specific types of organisations:
  1. Funding Bodies: a public body whose functions include that of providing funding to the film and audiovisual sector, for a range of activities. Though some of the funding bodies in KORDA actually have the legal status of a private company, if they were created on state initiative and are answerable to a government department then they figure in KORDA.
  2. Bank and Credit Institutions: these are public or semi-public financial institutions with a specific mandate to finance or to facilitate access to finance for the film and audiovisual sector. In many cases these institutions work closely with a funding body.
Tax Schemes: clearly these are not organisations as such but mechanisms that are put in place by national or regional authorities in order to provide certain tax benefits, generally for production. Such schemes are usually administered by national or local government departments responsible for tax affairs , frequently in collaboration with a national agency for film or television. Given the complexity of operation of most of these schemes it is not possible to provide information about them in KORDA at the moment. However we hope to identify all the tax schemes relevant to film and audiovisual production functioning in the countries covered by KORDA and to publish their contact details in the database in the future.

B. Support Programmes

Support Programmes or funding schemes are the different lines of support that funding bodies use to channel their funds and to allocate specific budgetary envelopes to activities or types of project. They are usually organised so as to fund one or more specific activities, such as project development and production, or promotion and export of works. They may also be organised according to the type of project supported (feature films, television series, multimedia, etc.). Not all funding bodies have a range of specific support programmes. Some operate a single fund supporting a range of activities and project types, without any separation into distinct support programmes.

C. Activities

The primary focus of KORDA is organisations that support activities related to the creation of film and audiovisual works and their distribution and exploitation. Where these organisations support other kinds of activities related to the sector, such as education and media literacy, training and scholarships or archives and conservation, this is mentioned and as much information as possible is provided.

In the past public funding bodies whose exclusive remit is to support one or more activities not directly related to the creation, distribution and exploitation of works were not included in KORDA. We will start to cover these bodies once entry of organisations supporting the creation of works has been completed. Achieving complete coverage of these bodies will take some time and we will continue to add information to the database over the next years.

List of the activities included in the KORDA database:

Creation of Works: Screenwriting & Script Development
Project Development / Pre-production
Production
Production - Completion
Production - Music
Production - Transfers
Post-production
Slate Funding
Other Activities: Distribution
Exhibition
Promotion (Markets, Festivals & Sales)
Education & Media Literacy
Training & Scholarships
Company Development
Prizes & Awards
Cultural Activities
Archives & Conservation
Video Games
Research & Development
Video on Demand
Other

Geographical coverage of the database

KORDA aims to provide information on public funding in all the European countries that are members of the European Audiovisual Observatory. You can find the list of countries here. This means that we will not provide information about public funding in Georgia, Serbia and Ukraine because these countries are not currently members states of the European Audiovisual Observatory.

What the database does not include…

KORDA does not include information on private sources of financing for the film and audiovisual sector nor does it include public sector financing of public service television. Two other kinds of funding that it does not include are:
  1. Certain kinds of grants and subsidies made available directly by regional and local authorities. These include regional and local authority grants to film schools, to local clubs and societies involved in film literacy projects or in running local cinemas, to art house cinemas which may be owned or managed by a municipality, to film festivals of various kinds. Obtaining information on this type of funding on a pan-European scale is, for the moment, beyond our capacities.
  2. Funding for development and business development at European, national, regional or local level, except where this funding is provided through a funding body specific to the film and audiovisual sector. This means that we do not include information on business development funding that is open to all kinds of small and medium-sized enterprises, including companies operating in the audiovisual sector. Examples of this kind of funding are the European Regional Development Fund, business expansion schemes at a regional level, subsidies to companies setting up in certain geographical zones, etc.

KORDA sources of information

The information in the KORDA database was collected from the organisations which feature in the database. Information is usually drawn from the organisation’s website and published support guidelines and, for the financial information, from annual reports and financial statements published by the organisation. Where an organisation does not publish such reports we have relied upon information provided directly to us by correspondents within the organisations.

Collecting exhaustive information on organisations funding the film and audiovisual sector across Europe is a daunting task. In order to speed up the collection process and to ensure the quality of the information published, the Observatory has entered into specific agreements with two representative organisations for the purposes of the KORDA database. These are Centre Images and Cine-Regio.

1. CICLIC

Ciclic is a French regional agency for literature, the moving image and digital culture, based in the Centre region. The agency implements the regional authority’s policy of support for the production of film and television works and plays a wider cultural role.

With the support of the French Centre national du cinéma et de l’image animée (CNC) and the Région Centre, Ciclic compiles extensive information on regional and local funding for film and television production in France. Information is collected on an annual basis with the co-operation of the regional and local funding bodies concerned and is published each year in the ‘Guide : soutiens à la création cinématographique et audiovisuelle. Régions, départements, villes’ and in a database on the Ciclic website. The database also includes complete information on the projects supported by regional and local funding bodies in France.

Ciclic provides information on French regional and local funds to the European Audiovisual Observatory for inclusion in the KORDA database. This information is translated into English under the responsibility of the European Audiovisual Observatory and published in the KORDA database subject to the terms of the general database disclaimer.

Consult the Ciclic French regional and local funding database.

 

2. CINE-REGIO

Cine-Regio is a European network of regional film funds whose secretariat is based at Århus in Denmark. In 2012 the network numbers 38 regional film funds from 13 European Union member states, as well as funds from Norway and Switzerland. Cine-Regio aims to improve knowledge sharing among regional funds, to raise awareness of and promote regional interests across Europe and to strengthen the co-development and co-production of audiovisual works. Cine-Regio centralises and coordinates the collection of information on network members and provides this information to the European Audiovisual Observatory for inclusion in the KORDA database.

Find out more about Cine-Regio and its activities on the Cine-Regio website.

We would like to thank Ciclic, Cine-Regio and all the many institutions and correspondents that have provided data for KORDA. Without their help providing a central information point for funding for film and audiovisual works in Europe would be an impossible task.

Search tips

KORDA has two different kinds of searches:
1. A simple search, presented on the ‘Home’ tab;
2. A detailed search, presented on the ‘Advanced search’ tab.

  1. Home - Simple Search Tool

The home page of the database shows the simple search tool.

Here you can search either for a funding organisation or for funding for a specific type of activity. The two searches cannot be combined.

Searching for an organisation

  • By Type: two kinds of organisations are available.
  • By Country: the country list is in alphabetical ISO country code order. You can select and deselect multiple countries by using the <Cntrl> key.
  • By Level: this refers to the remit of the organisation within the country. Is it a national body, or one with a regional or local remit? The concept of ‘Community’ is used for territorial entities with a high level of or complete autonomy within federal states. Examples are a ‘Land’ in Germany, a ‘Nation’ in the United Kingdom, a ‘Comunidad Autónoma’ in Spain and the Flemish, French and German-speaking communities of Belgium. ‘Non-European’ refers to funding bodies based in Europe but specifically established to support projects from outside Europe. ‘Supranational’ refers to organisations funded by one or more European countries.

You can select and deselect multiple criteria by using the <Cntrl> key.

Searching for funding for an activity

  • The principle choice is between activities linked to the creation of film and audiovisual works and between other activities not directly linked to creation.
  • If an activity in the ‘Creation of Works’ category is chosen, it is impossible to select a second activity in the ‘Other Activities’ group. If an activity in the ‘Other Activities’ group is selected, it is impossible to select an activity in the ‘Creation of Works’ group. Once an activity is deselected, both groups become available once more.

Search results

The results of the search are presented as a list of organisations corresponding to the criteria selected. Clicking on the name of the organisation will open the profile of that body. The support programmes that the body administers are listed on the ‘Support Programmes’ tab. Clicking on the name of a support programme brings you to the detailed description of the programme.
Back to the top
  1. Advanced Search tab

The simple search is useful for browsing the base, but tends to give a lot of results. To narrow down your research further select the Advanced Search tab or use the link at the bottom of each of the simple search windows. Advanced search provides multiple options for targeting your search.

By organisation: Use this tab to search for a specific organisation, whether it is a funding body or a bank or credit institution. You can search by country, type and level of organisation and combine this with a search by network. If you select only a network and do not make any selection in the ‘Country’ zone and hit ‘Search’ you will get a list of all the members of the network you have selected.

By name: You can also go direct to a specific organisation by using the free text search ‘By name’. This search is assisted. Type the first few letters of the name of the organisation, and the database will prompt you with a list of corresponding organisations from the database. Chose among them and hit ‘Search’. Please note that some organisations do not have an official English language translation of their name or short names. So you may not find the organisation you are thinking of using these searches. If in doubt, browse the country or countries.

By activity supported: This tab lets you search for support for a particular activity, such as production or exhibition. If your search concerns the creation of works, you can also narrow down the results by specifying the kind of project, for example an animated feature, or a documentary series for television. Use this with caution as by being too specific you may miss some more general programmes for which your project might be eligible. Narrow your search by specifying countries, organisation types and levels in the second zone.

By target activity: This tab allows you to run a series of programmed searches on special themes such as ‘Digital cinema and digitisation’, ‘Co-production’ , ‘Children and Young People’ and gives as a result a list of organisations or support programmes targeting specifically these activities.

Displaying your results – incomplete search results

You can choose how to display the results of your search at the bottom of the ‘advanced search by activity’ pages. Displaying results by organisation will give you a complete list of all the organisations that support the activity selected and which correspond to your other criteria. Displaying results by support programme will give you a list of all the support programmes that support the activity selected and where the organisation running the programme corresponds to your other criteria. Please note that this list will not give complete results. This is because some funding bodies do not have distinct support programmes but run a general fund open for a list of activities. This search will not find those funds, as it lists only support programmes.

By project: this search lets you look for a project that has already been supported by searching using the project title, the organisation that supported the project or the activity for which the project was supported. If you use the activity project search, select an activity in either the ‘Creation of Works’ or ‘Other Activities’ groups and then WAIT. The list of organisations for which we have projects in the database supported for the selected activity will appear in the bottom window. You can then select an organisation from the list and display the projects supported using the ‘Search’ button. Please note that we currently have only a small number of projects in the database.

About the KORDA project

The European Audiovisual Observatory has been collecting information on public funding for film and audiovisual works since the Observatory started work in 1992. A first comparative report on public funding was produced in 1999 in collaboration with the French Centre national du cinéma et de l’image animée (CNC). In the years that followed it became clear that the only feasible means of keeping track of the rapid evolution of this sector was by means of a database.

The first version of the KORDA database, named after the celebrated Hungarian-born film producer, Sir Alexander Korda, was made available in 2002. The data collected in this version of the database was used to produced a second report – ‘Public Funding for Film and Audiovisual Works: A Comparative Analysis’ - published by the Observatory in 2004 with the collaboration of the European Investment Bank.

In 2007 we decided to renew and update the first version of the database. The current version was designed and developed during 2008/2009 and the software became available for data input in late 2009. In May 2010 the new version of the database was made public. In October 2011 a new report on ‘Public Funding for Film and Audiovisual Works’, drawing on data in KORDA, was published.

The old version of the database is still available. It contains data for the period 1996 to 2005 and can be consulted by opening the ‘KORDA Archive’ tab. Please note that this version is no longer updated, so you always need to consult the main database to find up-to-date information.

Find out more about Observatory reports.

Copyright

The concept, software and contents of the KORDA database are copyright of the European Audiovisual Observatory. All rights are reserved.

This database and its contents may not be reproduced, distributed, stored in a retrieval system, copied, adapted or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying or otherwise without prior permission of the European Audiovisual Observatory.

If you wish to reproduce in print or electronic form (including in a translated version) content drawn from the KORDA database, please contact the European Audiovisual Observatory for prior authorisation.

Disclaimer

The European Audiovisual Observatory makes every effort to ensure the accuracy of the information in this database. Errors brought to our attention will be corrected as soon as possible.

However the European Audiovisual Observatory, its members, the partner organisations involved and the Council of Europe offer no guarantees of any kind and accept no liability for any damages that may result from use of the database. In particular, the European Audiovisual Observatory is not responsible or liable for the comprehensiveness, accuracy and completeness of the information provided nor will the European Audiovisual Observatory accept liability for direct, indirect, special, incidental or consequential damages, including without limitation damages for lost profits, business failure or loss, arising out of your use of or in connection with your use of this database, whether or not the European Audiovisual Observatory has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

As the European Audiovisual Observatory has no control over external sites, links to external websites entail no responsibility or liability for the content of those sites. We cannot guarantee that the links will work at all times nor can we control the availability of the linked pages.

Database credits

The KORDA database was designed and developed for the European Audiovisual Observatory by GNU/Linux specialist Easter-Eggs using Open Source technology.